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Event: Holding Apartheid's Banks to Account

- Lee-Anne Bruce

CALS and Open Secrets invite you to a discussion on accountability for apartheid era economic crimes

Date: Thursday, 19 April 2018 

Time: 12:30 – 14:00

Location: Centre for Applied Legal Studies

First Floor, DJ du Plessis Building

Wits University West Campus 

Note: Light snacks will be served


  • Michael Marchant – Investigations and Advocacy Researcher at Open Secrets
  • Khuraisha Patel – Legal Researcher at Open Secrets
  • Wandisa Phama – Head of Business and Human Rights at CALS, Wits University   

Accountability for apartheid economic crimes:  Can we start with the banks?

New evidence shows that two European banks were at the centre of the apartheid era international arms money laundering machinery. For nearly two decades, Belgium’s Kredietbank and its subsidiary in Luxembourg were responsible for facilitating up to 70% of all illegal arms transactions that allowed the apartheid government to secretly buy weapons despite mandatory UN arms sanctions. These and other banks have never been held accountable for their role in supporting apartheid. In the face of this widespread impunity, is there any way to hold these financial giants to account? Open Secrets in partnership with CALS is taking the fight for accountability for historic economic crimes to the banks’ doorstep in Europe using international accountability frameworks.

Please join us for a discussion on what civil society can do to hold these banks to account for crimes that cast a long shadow on our present

RSVP: Lee-Anne Bruce at by 17 April 2018