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Staff Profile

Professor Marion Bamford

Position DIRECTOR:ESI
QualificationsPhD, MSc, BScHons
Phone 0117176690
Email Marion.Bamford@wits.ac.za
Organisational Unit Evolutionary Studies Institute

Research Interests

Fossil woods of all ages; Mesozoic and Tertiary macro-plants, Gondwana biodiversity, biogeography, Karoo floras and biostratigraphy, Pleistocene to Holocene African floras and palaeoenvironments.

Main fields of specialisation

Palaeobotany, botany, palaeoecology

Current research projects

Tertiary fossil woods from the west coast of South Africa and Namibia (Identification, dating, palaeoclimate)
Karoo fossil woods and biostratigraphy.
Early Cretaceous flora - Kirkwood Formation - biogeography and species diversity with French colleagues, University of Lyon-1.

Vegetation, Palaeoenvironments and hominid evolution: -
Sterkfontein Caves with Kathy Kuman and Ron Clarke.
Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania with Rutgers University, University of Georgia, USA.

Laetoli, Tanzania, with New York State University.
Modern wetland vegetation and taphonomy studies (Seekoeivlei, Nylsvley, Haka, Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara, O Balbal).
Fossil woods and palaeoenvironment of Koobi Fora, Kenya (Plio-Pleistocene)
Charcoal and vegetation of the Early Iron Age site Ndondondwane, Thukela Valley, KwaZulu Natal.
Angiosperm radiation and diversity during the Upper Cretaceous and Early Tertiary in Southern Africa and South America

Graduate/postgraduate projects available

  • Aspects of the Permian floras of South Africa
  • Aspects of the Lower Cretaceous floras
  • Fossil woods and palaeoclimate
  • Palynology

Teaching

Geology II 

Palaeobotany section: origin of life, evolution of terrestrial ecosystems, Karoo flora, coal and an emphasis on applied palaeobotany for geological investigation.

AP&ES III

Palaeobotany for biology students: origin of life, evolution of terrestrial ecosystems, Karoo flora, coal and an emphasis on the evolution of plant groups and palaeoclimates.

Honours

Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems – how plants have affected the environment, plant taphonomy, more detail on some plant groups with an emphasis on the South African record.

Palaeobotany and Palynology – overview of the plant kingdom, collection, preparation and interpretation of samples.

Publications
  • Cantrill, D.J., Bamford, M.K., Wagstaff, B., Sauquet. H. 2013. Early Eocene fossil plants from the Mwadui Kimberlite Pipe, Tanzania. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 196, 19-35.
  • Jasper, A., Guerra-Sommer, M., Abu Hamad, A.M.B., Bamford, M., Bernardes-de-Oliveira, M.E.C., Tewari, R., Uhl, D. 2013. The Burning of Gondwana: Permian fires on the Southern Continent – a palaeobotanical approach. Gondwana Research 24, 148-160.
  • Chazan, M., Avery, DM, Bamford, MK., Berna, F., Brink, J., Holt, S., Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Goldberg, P., Matmon, A., Porat, N., Ron, H., Rossouw, L., Scott, L., Horwitz, L.K., 2012. The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): Archaeological, geological, paleontological and paleoclimatic evidence. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 859-866.
  • d’Errico, F., Backwell, L., Villa, P., Degano, I., Lucejko, J.J., Bamford, M.K., Higham, T.F.G., Colombini, M.P., Beaumont, P.B., 2012. Reply to Evans: Use of poison remains the most parsimonious explanation for Border Cave castor bean extract. PNAS 109 (48), E3291-3292.       doi/10.1073/pnas.1214711109
  • Girard, V., Philippe, M., Bamford, M., Gomez, B., Ferry, S., 2012.  Charcoalified wood from the Cenomanian of Gard (southern France): An insight into early angiosperm paleoecology. Revista Española de Paleontologia 27, 29-44.
  • Bamford, M.K., 2012. Pre- and post-depositional alteration of botanical macro-remains: a case study from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International 275, 97-103. Doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.10.023
  • Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K., 2012. Vegetation during uppermost Bed I and deposition of Tuff IF at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, based on phytoliths and plant remains. Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 342-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.05.010.
  • Bamford, M.K. 2012. Fossil sedges, macroplants and roots from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Five Decades afterZinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 351-363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.07.001
  •  Blumenschine, R.J., Masao, F.T., Stollhofen, H., Stanistreet, I.G., Bamford, M.K., Albert, R.M., Njau, J.K., Prassack, K.A., 2012. Landscape distribution of Oldowan stone artifact assemblages across the fault compartments of the eastern Olduvai Lake Basin during early lowermost Bed II times. Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 384-394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.05.003
  • Blumenschine, R.J., Stanistreet, I.G., Njau, J.K., Bamford, M.K., Masao, F.T., Stollhofen, H., Andrews, P., Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Prassack, K.A., Albert, R.M., McHenry, L.J., Camilli, E.L., Ebert, J.I. 2012. Environments and activity traces of hominins across the FLK Peninsula during Zinjanthropus times (1.84 Ma), Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Five Decades after Zinjanthropus and Homo habilis: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 364-383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.10.001
  • d’Errico, F., Backwell, L., Villa, P., Degano, I., Luceiko, L., Bamford, M., Higham, T., Colombini, M.P., Beaumont, P., 2012. Early evidence of San material culture represented by organic artefacts from Border Cave, South Africa. PNAS 109 (33), 13214-13219. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.12042113109
  • Henry, A.G., Ungar, P.S., Passey, B.H., Sponheimer, M., Rossouw, L., Bamford, M., Sandberg, P., de Ruiter, D.J., Berger, L., 2012. The diet of Australopithecus sediba. Nature 487, 90-93. doi:10.1038/nature11185
  • Berna, F., Goldberg, P., Horwitz, L.K., Brink, J., Holt, S, Bamford, M., Chazan, M., 2012. Microstratigraphic evidence for in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. PNAS  Plus 9 (20), E1215 - E1220 Doi/10/1073/pnas.1117620109
  • Bamford, M.K.. Pre- and post-depositional alteration of botanical macro-remains: a case study from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International. Doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.10.023
  • Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K. (online Sept 2011). Vegetation during uppermost Bed I and deposition of Tuff IF at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, based on phytoliths and plant remains. Fifty Years after Zinjanthropus: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. For a special issue of Journal of Human EvolutionHttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.05.010.
  • Bamford, M.K. (online Sept 2011). Fossil sedges, macroplants and roots from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.  Fifty Years after Zinjanthropus: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.  For a special issue of Journal of Human Evolution http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.07.001
  • Blumenschine, R.J., Stanistreet, I.G., Njau, J.K., Bamford, M.K., Masao, F.T., Stollhofen, H., Andrews, P., Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Prassack, K.A., Albert, R.M., McHenry, L.J., Camilli, E.L., Ebert, J.I. (online Sept 2011). Environments and activity traces of hominins across the FLK Peninsula during Zinjanthropus times (1.84 Ma), Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Fifty Years after Zinjanthropus: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.  For a special issue of Journal of Human Evolution. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.10.001
  • Blumenschine, R.J., Masao, F.T., Stollhofen, H., Stanistreet, I.G., Bamford, M.K., Albert, R.M., Njau, J.K., Prassack, K.A. (in press). Landscape distribution of Oldowan stone artifact assemblages across the fault compartments of the eastern Olduvai Lake Basin during early lowermost Bed II times. Fifty Years after Zinjanthropus: Landscape Paleoanthropology of Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. For a special issue of Journal of Human EvolutionDoi; 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.05.003
  • Cantrill, D.J., Bamford, M.K., Wagstaff, B., Sauquet. H. (submitted April 2011 revisions to DC Sept 2011). Early Eocene fossil plants from the Mwadui Kimberlite Pipe, Tanzania. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.
  • Girard, V., Philippe, M., Bamford, M.K., Gomez, B., Ferry, S., (accepted, 2012).  Charcoalified wood from the Cenomanian of Gard (southern France): An insight into Early angiosperm paleoecology. Revista Española de Paleontologia
  • Henry, A.G., Ungar, P.S., Passey, B.H., Sponheimer, M., Rossouw, L., Bamford, M., Sandberg, P., de Ruiter, D.J., Berger, L. (revision submitted). The diet of Australopithecus sediba. Nature.
  • d’Errico, F., Backwell, L., Villa, P., Degano, I., Luceiko, L., Bamford, M., Higham, T., Colombini, M.P., Beaumont, P., (submitted 10 March 2012). Organic artefacts from Border Cave: earliest evidence of Bushman material culture. PNAS.
  • Berna, F., Goldberg, P., Horwitz, L.K., Brink, J., Holt., S, Bamford, M., Chazan, M. 2012. Microstratigraphic evidence for in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. PNAS. Doi/10/1073/pnas.1117620109
  • Wadley, L., Sievers, C., Bamford, M., Miller, C., Goldberg, P., Berna, F., 2011. Middle Stone Age bedding construction and settlement patterns at Sibudu, South Africa. Science 334, 1388-1391.
  • Neumann, F.H., Scott, L., Bamford, M.K., 2011. Climate change and human disturbance of Fynbos vegetation during the late Holocene at Lake Princessvlei, Western Cape, South Africa. The Holocene 21, 1137 – 1150  DOI: 1177/0959683611400461
  • Bamford, M.K., 2011. Late Pliocene woody vegetation of Area 41, Koobi Fora, East Turkana Basin, Kenya. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 191-210. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.01.004
  • Andrews, P., Bamford, M.K., Njau, E-F., Leliyo, G. 2011. The ecology of vegetation in the Endulen-Laetoli area in northern Tanzania. In Harrison T. (Ed). Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli, Tanzania: Human Evolution in Context. Volume I: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology  and Environment.  Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Dordrecht. pp. 167-200. DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-9956-3_8
  • Bamford, M.K. 2011. Fossil woods. In: Harrison T. (Ed). Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli, Tanzania: Human Evolution in Context. Volume I: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology  and Environment.  Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Dordrecht. pp 217-233. DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-9956-3_11
  • Bamford, M.K. 2011. Fossil leaves, fruits and seeds. In: Harrison T. (Ed). Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli, Tanzania: Human Evolution in Context. Volume I: Geology, Geochronology, Paleoecology  and Environment.  Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Dordrecht. pp 235-252. DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-9956-3_10
  • Bamford, M.K., Neumann, F.H., Pereira, L.M., Scott, L., Dirks, P.H.G.M., Berger, L. 2010. Botanical remains from the Pleistocene hominin site of Malapa, Sterkfontein Valley, South Africa. Palaeontologia africana 45, 23-28
  • Steart, D.C., Spicer, R.A., Bamford, M.K. 2010. Is southern Africa different? An investigation of the relationship between leaf physiognomy and climate in southern African mesic vegetation. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 162, 607-620.
  • Braun, D.R., Harris, J.W.K., Levin, N.E., McCoy, J.T., Herries, A.I.R., Bamford, M.K., Bishop, L.C., Richmond, B.G., Kibunjia, M., 2010. Early hominin diet included diverse terrestrial and aquatic animals 1.95 Ma ago in East Turkana, Kenya. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107 (22), 10002 – 10007.
  • De Wit, M.C.J.  Ward, J.D., Bamford, M.K., Roberts, M., 2009. The significance of the Cretaceous Diamondiferous gravel deposit at Mahura Muthla in the Vryburg District of the Northern Cape Province in South Africa.  South African Journal of Geology 112, 89-108.
  • Philippe, M., Bamford, M.K. 2009. Houlbert’s types for fossil wood: lectotypification and taxonomic reappraisal ofAbietoxylon, Ambaroxylon and TaxoxylonTaxon 58, 1349-1356.
  • Barale, G., Guignard, G., Bamford, M.K., 2009. Structure of corystospermaceous ovules from Upper Triassic of Zimbabwe. Botany 87, 854-863.
  • Prevec, R, Labandeira, C.C., Neveling, J., Gastaldo, R.A., Looy, C., Bamford, M., 2009. Portrait of a Gondwanan ecosystem: A new Late Permian locality from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology156, 454-493.
  • Collinson, M.E., Andrews, P., Bamford, M.K., 2009. Taphonomy of the Early Miocene flora, Hiwegi Formation, Rusinga Island, Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 149-162.
  • Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K., Cabanes, D. 2009. Palaeoecological significance of palms at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, based on phytolith remains. Proceedings 6th IMPR, Quaternary International 193, 41-48.
  • Prevec, R., McLoughlin, S., Bamford, M.K., 2008. Novel double wing morphology revealed in a South African ovuliferous glossopterid fructification: Bifariala intermittens (Plumstead 1958) comb. nov. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 150, 22-36.
  • Andrews, P.J. and Bamford, M.K. 2008. Past and present vegetation ecology of Laetoli, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 54, 78-98.
  • Bam ford, M.K., Stanistreet, I.R., Stollhofen, H. and Albert, R.M. 2008. Late Pliocene grassland from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 257, 280-293.
  • Philippe, M., Bamford, M.K., 2008. A key to morphogenera used for Mesozoic conifer-like woods. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 148, 184-207.
  • Van der Merwe, N.J., Masao, F.T., Bamford, M.K. 2008. Isotopic evidence for contrasting diets of early hominins Homo habilis and Australopithecus boisei of Tanzania. South African Journal of Science 104, 153-155.
  • Renaut, R and Bamford, M. K. 2006. Results of preliminary palynological analysis of samples from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu Natal. Southern African Humanities, 18, 235-240.
  • STRONG>Bamford, M.K., Albert, R.M. and Cabanes, D. 2006. Plio-Pleistocene macroplant fossil remains and phytoliths from Lowermost Bed II in the eastern palaeolake margin of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International. 148: 95-112.
  • Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K. and Cabanes, D. 2006. Taphonomy of phytoliths and macroplants in different soils from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania: application to Plio-Pleistocene palaeoanthropological samples. Quaternary International 148: 78-94.
  • Barale, G., Bamford, M.K ., Gomez, B., Broderick, T.J., R th, M.A. and Cadman, A. 2005. A fossil peat deposit from the Late Triassic (Carnian) of Zimbabwe with preserved cuticles of Pteridospermopsida and Ginkgoales, and its geological setting. Palaeontologia africana 41: 89-100..
  • Bamford, M.K., Albert, R.M. and Cabanes, D. 2006. Plio-Pleistocene macroplant fossil remains and phytoliths from Lowermost Bed II in the eastern palaeolake margin of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International 148, 95-112.
  • Albert, R.M., Bamford, M.K. and Cabanes, D. 2006. Taphonomy of phytoliths and macroplants in different soils from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania: application to Plio-Pleistocene palaeoanthropological samples. Quaternary International 148, 78-94.
  • BamfordM.K. and Grab, S.W 2005. Highlights of Quaternary Research in southern Africa, and proceeding forwards. Quaternary International 126, 1-3.
  • Gastaldo, R.A., Adenforff, R., Bamford, M.K., Labander? C.C., Neveling, J.N., and Sims, H. 2005. Taphonomic trends of macrofloral assemblages across the Permian-Triassic boundary, Karoo Basin, South Africa. Palaios 20, 479-497.
  • Bamford, M.K. 2005. Early Pleistocene fossil wood from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Quaternary International 129, 15-22.
  • McCarthy, T.S. and Rubidge, B.S, 2005. The Story of Earth and Life. A southern African perspective on a 4.6-billion-year journey. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 336 p. Contributing author for palaeobotanical sections, Bamford, M.K., ISBN: 1-7707-148-2
  • Bamford, M.K. 2005. Environmental changes and hominid evolution: what the vegetation tells us. In: D?Errico, F. and Backwell, L. (Eds).From Tools to Symbols. From Early Hominids to Modern Humans. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg. pp. 103-120. ISBN: 1-86814-4178
  • Philippe, M., Bamford., M., McLoughlin, S ., Da Rosa Alves, L.S., Falcon-Lang, H., Gnaedinger S., Ottone, D., Pole, M., Rajanikanth, A., Shoemaker, R.E., Torres, T. and Zamuner, A. 2004. Biogeographic analysis of Jurassic- Early Cretaceous wood assemblages from Gondwana. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 129, 141-173.
  • Bamford, M.K. 2004. Diversity of the woody vegetation of Gondwanan southern Africa. Gondwana Research 7, 153-164.
  • Stevenson, I. R. and Bamford, M.K. 2003. Submersible-based observations of in-situ fossil tree trunks in Late Cretaceous seafloor outcrops, Orange Basin, western offshore, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology 106, 315-326.
  • Bamford, M.K. 2003. Fossil woods from Auchas and their palaeoenvironment. Geology and Palaeobiology of the central and southern Namib Desert, southwestern Africa. Volume 2: Palaeontology. Geological Survey of Namibia, Memoirs, 19, 23-34.
  • Adendorff. R. Bamford, M.K., and McLoughlin, S. 2003. Liknopetalon: a review of a rare Gondwanan Permian pteridophyte. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 126, 83-101.
  • Bamford, M.K. and Henderson, Z. 2003. A reassessment of the wooden fragment from Florisbad, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 30, 637-650.
  • Philippe, M., Cuny, G., Bamford, M.K., I., Jaillard, E., Barale, G., Gomez, B., Ouaja, M., Thevenard, F., Thi?ut, M., and Sengbusch, P. von 2003. Metapodocarpopxylon libanoticum (Edwards) Dup?n-Laudoueneix et Pons and Late Jurassic - Early Cretaceous continental biogeography. Journal of Biogeography 30, 389-400.
  • Adendorff, R., McLoughlin, S. and Bamford, M. K. 2002. A new genus of ovuliferous glossopterid fructification from South Africa. Palaeontologia africana. 38, 1-17.
  • Bamford, M.K., Roberts, E.M., Sissoko, F., Bouar?M.L. O?Leary, M.A. 2002. An extensive deposit of conifer wood from the Mesozoic of Mali, southern Sahara. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 186, 115-126.
  • Gomez, B., Bamford, M. and Martinez-Delclos, X. 2002. Lower Cretaceous plant cuticles and amber (Kirkwood Formation, South Africa). Comptes rendus de l?Acad?e des Sciences, Pal?l 1, 2002, 83-87.
  • Gomez, B., Martinez-Delclos, X., Bamford, M. and Philippe, M. 2002. Taphonomy and palaeoecology of plant remains from the oldest African Early Cretaceous amber locality. Lethaia 35, 300-308.
  • Bamford, M.K. and Stevenson, I.R. 2002. A submerged Late Cretaceous podocarpaceous forest, west coast, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 98, 181-185.
  • Bamford, M., Zijlstra, G. and Philippe, M. 2002. Proposal to conserve the name Cupressinoxylon Goeppert (Fossil, Gymnospermae, Coniferales) against Retinodendron Zenker (Fossil, Gymnospermae, Coniferales) with a conserved type. Taxon 51, 205-206.
  • Philippe, M., Zijlstra, G. and Bamford, M. 2002. Proposal to conserve the name Protopodocarpoxylon Eckhold (Fossil, Gymnospermae, Coniferales) with a conserved type. Taxon 51, 207-208.
  • Bangert, B. and Bamford, M.K. 2001. Pycnoxylic woods from the Carboniferous Dwyka of southern Namibia. Palaeontologia africana. 37, 13-23.
  • Bamford, M.K. and Philippe, M. 2001. Jurassic - Early Cretaceous Gondwanan homoxylous woods: a nomenclatural revision of the genera with taxonomic notes. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 113: 287-297.
  • Bamford, M.K. 2000. Fossil woods of Karoo aged deposits in South Africa and Namibia as an aid to biostratigraphic correlation. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 31: 119-132.
  • Bamford, M.K. and McLoughlin, S. 2000. Cainozoic euphorbiacean wood from the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Alcheringa 24: 243-256.
  • Bamford, M.K. 2000. Cenozoic macro-plants. In Partridge, T.C. and Maud, R.R. (Eds) Cenozoic of Southern Africa. Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics No. 40. Oxford University Press. pp. 351-356.
  • Bamford, M.K. 1999c. Permo-Triassic fossil woods from the South African Karoo Basin. Palaeontologia africana, 35, 25-40.
  • Bamford, M.K. 1999b. Tertiary fossil woods from Vredendal, southwestern Cape, South Africa. In Wood to Survive, (eds) Maes, F. & Beeckman, H. Mus?Royal de l Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Annales Sciences Economiques, 25: 149-163.
  • Bamford, M.. 1999a. Pliocene fossil woods from an early hominid cave deposit, Sterkfontein, South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 95: 231-237.
  • Anderson, J.M., Anderson, H.M., Archangelsky, S., Bamford, M., Chandra, S., Dettman, M., Hill, R., McLoughlin, S. and R?r, O. 1999. Patterns of Gondwana plant colonisation and diversification. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 28(1): 145-167.
  • R th, M., Hiller, N. and Bamford, M. 1998. Palaeontology. In: Field Guide to the Eastern and southern Cape Coasts. (Eds). Lubke. R. and de Moor, I. University of Cape Town Press, Cape Town. pp. 27-40.
  • Rayner, R.J., Bamford, M.K., Brothers, D.J., Dippen r-Schoeman, A.S., McKay, I.J., Oberprieler, R.G. and Waters, S.B. 1997. Cretaceous fossils from the Orapa diamond pipe. Palaeontologia africana, 33: 55-65.
  • Roberts, D.L., Bamford, M.K. and Millstead, B. 1997. Permo-Triassic macro-plant fossils in the Fort Grey silcrete, East London. South African Journal of Geology, 100: 157-168.
  • Bamford, M.K. 1997. Fossil wood from the Boteti River and Tshaitshe, Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records, 29: 1-8.
  • Bamford, M.K. 1996. Comparison of Indian and southern African fossil Angiosperm woods. Rheedea, 6: 59-66.
  • Bamford, M.K. and Corbett, I.B. 1995. More fossil wood from the Namaqualand coast, South Africa; onshore material. Palaeontologia africana, 32:67-74.
  • Pickford, M., Senut, B., Mein, P., Morales, J., Soria, D., Neito, M., Ward, J. and Bamford, M. 1995. The discovery of Lower and middle Miocene vertebrates at Auchas, southern Namibia. C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris, Ser IIa, 322: 901-906.
  • Bamford, M.K. and Corbett, I.B. 1994. Fossil wood of Cretaceous age from the Namaqualand continental shelf, South Africa. Palaeontologia africana, 31: 83-95.
  • De Wit, M.C.J. and Bamford, M.K. 1993. Fossil wood from the Brandvlei area, Bushmanland, as an indication of palaeoenvironmental changes during the Cainozoic. Palaeontologia africana, 30: 81-89.
  • Bamford, M.K. and De Wit, M.C.J. 1993. Taxonomic description of fossil wood from Cainozoic Sak River terrraces, near Brandvlei, Bushmanland, South Africa. Palaeontologia africana, 30: 71-80.

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