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Staff Profile

Doctor Patrick Randolph-Quinney

Position SENIOR LECTURER
QualificationsBSc, PhD
Phone 0117172713
Email patrick.randolph-quinney@wits.ac.za
Organisational Unit School of Anatomical Sciences

1. Forensic anthropology and archaeology. Forensic Human Identification, particualrly the analysis of population variation, sexual dimorphism and ancestry. Specialisation in the application of GMM and advanced biostatistics to human identification, and skeletal pathology and trauma analysis. Focus on understanding bone trauma using GMM, and biomechanical analysis of bone strength and competency using micro-CT, actualistic analyses and verifiable engineering approaches. Heavily focussed on understanding, quantifying, and replicating the effects of burning on bone from a morphological and microstructural perspective – from the early hominin use of fire, through funerary ritual and body disposal in archaeological and ethnographic contexts, to the recovery and analysis of cremains in fatal fire investigation, DVI and human identification scenarios. This research has palaeoanthropological, bioarchaeological and forensic implications.

2. Palaeoanthropology - the analysis of evolutionary morphologies from a systematic and functional perspective with emphasis placed on taxonomic and behavioural variation in Middle Pleistocene archaic hominins, and on the origins of modern human biological diversity.

3. Prehistoric and Bio-archaeology. Academic and contract work has concentrated on reconstruction of life-history and demography, funerary archaeology and deviancy in burial practice, population health, and response to disease and trauma.

4. Virtual anthropology and statistical analysis of shape - the use of landmark and volume data to investigate and quantify patterns of soft tissue and skeletal variation using Geometric Morphometrics (GMM) and other methods of shape quantification. Particular interest in application to forensic science, evolutionary systematics, sexual dimorphism in hominins, and patterns of human cranio-skeletal diversity. This includes visualisation, biomechanical analysis, and phenotypical characterization of cortical and trabecular bone micro-architecture as assessed by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT).

 

 


D r Randolph-Quinney joined the School of Anatomical Sciences in 2012. He is an experienced researcher and fieldworker with interests in the application of biological anthropology across differing historical timescales, from the Middle Pleistocene to present. His areas of interest include: forensic anthropology and archaeology; palaeoanthropology; prehistoric archaeology and bioarchaeology; geometric morphometric methods (GMM); and the application of statistics in the life sciences, forensic sciences, and evolutionary biology. He has over 20 years archaeological field experience, much at directorial or specialist level, in the recovery, identification and analysis of human skeletal remains and archaeological faunas. He is an experienced forensic caseworker in areas of forensic human identification and forensic anthropology, human/non-human bone identification, forensic cremain analysis, and forensic archaeology and body recovery – including archaeological search strategies for discovery and recovery of clandestine burials, and recovery from fatal fires.


Current research projects (with publications in review or preparation):

  • Use of clinical odontological imaging: geometric morphometric analysis of sexual dimorphism in the mandible from panoramic scanning X-ray images
  • Analysis of hand shape: application of geometric morphometrics in the analysis of individuating shape pattern and sexual dimorphism in forensic biometrics and in the analysis of hand stencils in Palaeolithic rock art
  • Application of geometric morphometrics in analysis of stylistic variation in European Palaeolithic rock art
  • Three-dimensional volume analysis of burnt bone: the use of micro-computed tomography (μCT) and histomorphometry to quantify patterns of ultrastructural change in cortical and trabecular bone 
  • Cranial asymmetries and growth pathologies: a 3-dimensional geometric analysis of craniosynostosis and artificial cranial binding
  • Analysis of mechanical strength and structural competency in bone exposed to low temperature charring
  • Shape distortion and dimensional change in burnt and cremated bone
  • Ontogeny and functional shape change in the mandible of Homo sapiens from birth to 18 years

 


  • ANAT 2021: Human and Comparative Biology (Course Coordinator)
  • ANAT 3002: Human Biology (Course Coordinator - Projects)
  • ANAT 2021: Concepts of Evolution
  • ANAT 3002: Human Skeletal Biology
  • ANAT 3002: Human Evolution
  • ANAT 4000: Human Biology
  • ANAT 4000: Applied Forensic Anthropology

Publications

Black, S.M., Smyth, J., Bentley, A. and Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2012). An anthropological conundrum. In V.L. Wedel, L.R. Zephro and A. Galloway (eds.) Broken Bones: An Anthropological Analysis of Blunt Force Trauma, 2nd Edition. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas (in press).

Bristow, J., Simms, Z. and Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2011). Taphonomy. In S. Black and E. Ferguson (eds.) Forensic Anthropology 2000-2010. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. pp 279-318.

Channing, J. and Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2006). Death, decay and reconstruction: the archaeology of Ballykilmore Cemetery, County Westmeath. In J. O’Sullivan and M. Stanley (eds.) Settlement, Industry and Ritual: Archaeology and the National Roads Authority Monograph Series No. 3. Dublin: NRA/Four Courts Press. pp 113-126.

Davidson, K., Davies, C. and Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2011). Skeletal Trauma. In S. Black and E. Ferguson (eds.) Forensic Anthropology 2000-2010. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. pp 183-236.

Latham, A.G., Herries, A., Quinney, P.S., Sinclair, A.G.M., and Kuykendall, K.L. (1999). The Makapansgat australopithecine site from a speleological perspective. In A.M. Pollard (ed.) Geoarchaeology: Exploration, Environments, Resources. London: Geological Society, Special Publications, 165: 61-77.

McNabb, J., Sinclair, A.G.M., and Quinney, P.S. (2001). Recent investigations into the later Acheulean of the Makapansgat region, Northern Province, South Africa. In N. Moloney and M.J. Shott (eds.) Lithic Analysis at the Millennium. London: University College London. pp 1-16.

O’Brien, R., Quinney, P.S., Russell, I. (2005). Preliminary report on the archaeological excavation and finds retrieval strategy of the Hiberno-Scandinavian site of Woodstown 6, County Waterford. Decies 61: 13-122.

Quinney, P.S. (1996). Physical anthropology and osteology of skeleton CHF-108. in M.M. Avery, D.J.L. Gibbins, and K.J. Matthews (eds.) The Archaeology of an Ecclesiastical Landscape: Chapel House Farm, Poulton (Cheshire) 1995.  Chester Archaeology Excavation and Survey Report No. 9.  Chester: Chester City Council Publications. pp 41-49.

Quinney, P.S. (1997). Review of: Excavations at Barnfield Pit, Swanscombe, 1968-72, edited by B. Conway, J. McNabb, and N. Ashton. Journal of Human Evolution 32: 403-406.

Quinney, P.S. (2000). Paradigms lost: Changing interpretations of hominin behavioural patterns since Osteodontokeratic. in P. Rowley-Conwy (ed.) Animal Bones, Human Societies. Oxford: Oxbow Books. pp 12-19.

Quinney, P.S. and Collard, M.C. (1997). Sexual dimorphism in the mandible of Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens: morphological patterns and behavioural implications. In A.G.M. Sinclair, E.A. Slater, and J.A.J. Gowlett (eds.) Archaeological Sciences 1995. Oxford:  Oxbow Monographs in Archaeology. pp 420-425.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2007). An unusual medieval burial from Ballygarraun West. Seanda 2: 30-31.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2008). Review of: The Bioarchaeology of Children: Perspectives from Biological and Forensic Anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 135: 245-248.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2012). From the cradle to the grave: the bioarchaeology of Clonfad 3 and Ballykilmore 6. In N. Brady, P. Stevens and J. Channing (eds.) Settlement and Community in the Fir Tulach Kingdom. Dublin: National Roads Authority Press (in press).

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2012). Osteological analysis of human skeletal and thermally-altered faunal remains. In I. Russell and M. Hurley (eds.) The Hiberno-Scandinavian Site of Woodstown 6. Dublin: Four Courts Press (in press).

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. and Channing, J. (2006). The use of Geometric Morphometric techniques in palaeopathological assessment: a case study of probable craniostenosis. Paleopathology Association (Irish Section) News 9: 5-14.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. and Dryden, I. (2012). Geometric morphometrics and statistical shape analysis in forensic anthropology. In X. Mallett and T. Blythe (eds.) Advances in Human Identification. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press (in press).

Randolph-Quinney, P.S., Mallett, X. and Black, S.M. (2009). Forensic Anthropology. In A. Jamieson and A. Moenssens (eds.) Wiley Encylopedia of Forensic Science. London: John Wiley and Son Ltd. pp 152-178.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2012). Burnt human remains: recovery, identification and analysis. In X. Mallett and T. Blythe (eds.) Advances in Human Identification. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press (in press).

Wood, B.A. and Quinney, P.S. (1996). Assessing the pelvis of AL 288-1. Journal of Human Evolution 31: 563-568.

PUBLISHED CONFERENCE ABSTRACTS

Kuykendall, K.L, McKee, J.K., and Quinney, P.S. (1997). Report on palaeo-anthropological, palaeoecological, and archaeological fieldwork in the Makapansgat Valley, Northern Province, South Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 24: 148.

McNabb, J., Sinclair, A.G.M., Andresen, S., and Quinney, P.S. (1998). Artefactual raw material economy in the Cave of Hearths and the Makapansgat Valley. In M.A. Raath et al. (eds.) Joint Meeting of the Int. Assoc. for the Study of Human Palaeontology and the Int. Assoc. of Human Biologists. Johannesburg: Wits University Press. pp: 91.

Nuzzolese, E., Randolph-Quinney, P.S., Wilkinson, C., Nicoll Baines, K. and Di Vella, G. (2012). A novel forensic use of clinical odontological imaging: geometric morphometric analysis of sexual dimorphism in the mandible from panoramic scanning X-ray images. Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences - Annual Scientific Meeting, Atlanta GA. Colorado Springs: American Academy of Forensic Sciences. pp 259.

Quinney, P.S. and McKee, J.K. (1992).  A preliminary analysis of fossil and artefactual remains from Tobias Cave, Taung. South African Medical Journal 82: 115.

Quinney, P.S., Sinclair, A.G.M., Andresen, S., Latham, A.G., McNabb, J., and Kuykendall, K.L. (1998). Cultural hominins in the landscape: archaeological fieldwork at Makapansgat. Int. Assoc. for the Study of Human Palaeontology and the Int. Assoc. of Human Biologists. Johannesburg: Wits University Press. pp: 90.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2009). Geometric morphometric analysis of sexual dimorphism in South African Blacks. Forensic Science Medicine and Pathology 5: 50.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2010). Towards a standardization of burnt bone analysis: the use of micro-computed tomography and 3-dimensional imaging to assess morphological change. In Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences - Annual Scientific Meeting Seattle WA. Colorado Springs: American Academy of Forensic Sciences. pp 352-353.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. (2010). Forensic characteristics of hand shape: analysis of individuating potential and sexual dimorphism using geometric morphometrics. In Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences - Annual Scientific Meeting Seattle WA. Colorado Springs: American Academy of Forensic Sciences. pp 407-408.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S. and Mallett, X. (2008). Naming the dead: The application of bioarchaeological data to forensic anthropology and human identification. In Proceedings of the Sixth World Archaeological Congress, Dublin, Ireland, 29th June – 4th July 2008. Dublin: World Archaeological Congress. pp 270.

Randolph-Quinney, P.S., Nuzzolese, E., Wilkinson, C., Nicoll Baines, K. and Di Vella, G. (2012). Geometric morphometric analyses from dental orthopantogram images: a regional anatomical analysis of sexual dimorphism in the adult mandible. In Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences - Annual Scientific Meeting, Atlanta GA. Colorado Springs, CO: American Academy of Forensic Sciences. pp 405-406.

Wood, B.A. and Quinney, P.S. (1997). The sex of AL 288-1. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 24: 244.


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