Preparations and Administration of Muti
Emetics are used primarily for chest illnesses, and are used as expectorants to clear the air passages. They are also used to correct nausea, and pain believed to result from excessive accumulation of gall (green/yellowish substance) (Ngubane 1977).
Similar to the aforementioned preparations are the following Xhosa preparations used in Trankei as described by Lamla (1975). It appears that certain types of plants are used in particular types of preparations and that such preparations of medicines are often used to treat a particular type of illness. Following are a few of these preparations from the literature that have magical or medicinal qualities. A lot more exist for which physical ailments are treated.
Imbiza (literally pot) is a preparation in which herbs are boiled into a decoction. This is often done for hard medicine like barks (Mpai, pers comm). Medicines prepared in this way are used for Scrofula, chest complaints and blood purifying processes in the Transkei (Lamla 1975), e.g., ikhala-khulu, (Cape Aloes). Ngubane (1977:107) states that imbiza is a generic name for all forms of purgatives.
Isichonco. Cold or warm water vegetal infusions used to wash with, to drive away evil spirits and promote good luck, e.g., umhlonyane, (Artemisia afra). Furthermore this plant is used in colds to unblock sinuses.
Ama-khubalo (Charms): Wood medicines such as roots or barks often worn around the neck and nibbled on. These muti are used for self-fortification and to ward off evil spirits, e.g., Alepidea amatymbica. This plant can also be used for lung conditions, such as bronchitis by drinking a decoction. This term also means compounded medicines prepared only by professional practitioners and prescribed by them (Ngubane 1977).
Intelezi: "A generic name for all medicinal charms, the object of which is to counteract evil by rendering the causes innocuous". (Lamla 1975:151). The intelezi is often a mixture of plants and is often boiled and preserved. It can be sprinkled (Uku-chela) or spurted from the mouth (uku-khafula). Ngubane (1977:110) states that intelezis are never ingested but are sprinkled. These are considered white medicines.
Umkhando Class of medicinal charms to gain influence, supremacy, gain ascendancy over another in love matters.
Isibethelelo: love charms used to fix up a girl to a man, so that she will love him only.