The School of Anatomical Sciences was established as the Department of Anatomy in 1919. The School currently comprises of three academic divisions, namely morphological anatomy, structural biology (histology), and biological anthropology. The School's 23 full-time academic and 24 support staff work together to instruct undergraduate students registered primarily through the Faculty of Health Sciences on the structure and development of the human body, in addition to human biology and cell biology to students registered in the Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Health Science programmes.
The current research activities of the School are broad, covering the fields of Biological Anthropology, Comparative Neurosciences, Adult Neurogenesis, and Reproductive Biology.
The School houses two significant skeletal collections of human as well as non-human material. The Raymond Dart Collection of Human Skeletons, initiated in the early 1920's, houses one of the largest human skeletal collections in the world, and the Comparative Collection contains an extensive collection of non-human anatomical and skeletal specimens. The Hunterian Museum is an active teaching museum possessing numerous anatomical specimens.